Thursday, August 23, 2012

Short vowel words: adding ed, ing, s

What fun!
 Our ABCs have two categories of letters: vowels and consonants. The vowels: a, e, i, o, u, y. The consonants are all the other letters: b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, z.

We have to protect the short vowel when adding ed or ing. Protecting the short vowel means we double the last letter, as in:  snap p ed;   snap p ing.

Doubling the last letter means the vowels e and i which come at the start of ed and ing cannot reach back to poke the short a in snap.

Vowels can reach back around one consonant but they cannot reach back around two.

Let's look at adding s to short vowel words.
Is s a vowel? No. Since s is not a vowel it does not have the power to reach around and poke the short o in hop. Just add s: hops. The rabbit hops very fast.

Getting lots of clear practice is the key to smart reading in the upper grades - that's where the holes in learning show up because children forget how to do these changes. My books, Adding ed and ing (grades 1-3, flamingos on cover) and Prefix / Suffix (4th grade and up, brown dog looking through a metal fence) teach this skill and many other critical lessons. At this link, click Bookstore, scroll down:  Being a skillful reader makes everything easier. 
Thank you, Mary Maisner

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